Slovenia facts and figures

Slovenia

The Slovene lands were part of the Holy Roman Empire and Austria until 1918 when the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new nation, renamed Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Slovenia became a republic of the
renewed Yugoslavia, which though Communist, distanced itself from Moscow’s rule. Dissatisfied with the exercise of power of the majority Serbs, the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991 after a short 10-day war. Historical ties to Western Europe, a strong economy, and a stable democracy have assisted in Slovenia’s transformation to a modern state. In December 2002, Slovenia received an invitation to join NATO, and it is
scheduled to accede to the EU along with nine other states on 1 May 2004. In a March 2003 referendum on NATO and EU membership, Slovenes voted 90% in favor of joining the EU and 66% in favor of joining NATO.

Location:

Central Europe, eastern Alps bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria
and Croatia

Area:

total: 20,273 sq km

water: 122 sq km

land: 20,151 sq km

Land boundaries:

total: 1,334 km

border countries: Austria 330 km, Croatia 670 km, Italy 232 km, Hungary
102 km

Climate:

Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot
summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east

Terrain:

a short coastal strip on the Adriatic, an alpine mountain region adjacent
to Italy and Austria, mixed mountains and valleys with numerous rivers to
the east

Land use:

arable land: 11.48%

permanent crops: 2.68%

other: 85.84% (1998 est.)

Population:

1,935,677 (July 2003 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Slovene(s)

adjective: Slovenian

Languages:

Slovenian 91%, Serbo-Croatian 6%, other 3%