Slovakia facts and figures

Slovakia

In 1918 the Slovaks joined the closely related Czechs to form Czechoslovakia. Following the chaos of World War II, Czechoslovakia became a Communist nation within Soviet-ruled Eastern Europe. Soviet influence collapsed in 1989 and Czechoslovakia once more became free. The Slovaks and the Czechs agreed to separate peacefully
on 1 January 1993. Slovakia was invited to join NATO and the EU in 2002.

Location:

Central Europe, south of Poland

Area:

total: 48,845 sq km

water: 45 sq km

land: 48,800 sq km

Land boundaries:

total: 1,524 km

border countries: Austria 91 km, Czech Republic 215 km, Hungary 677 km,
Poland 444 km, Ukraine 97 km

Climate:

temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

Terrain:

rugged mountains in the central and northern part and lowlands in the south

Land use:

arable land: 30.74%

permanent crops: 2.64%

other: 66.62% (1998 est.)

Population:

5,430,033 (July 2003 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Slovak(s)

adjective: Slovak

Languages:

Slovak (official), Hungarian