San Marino facts and figures

San Marino

The third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco) also claims to be the world’s oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in 301 A.D. San Marino’s foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy. Social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbour.

Location:

Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy

Area:

total: 61.2 sq km

water: 0 sq km

land: 61.2 sq km

Land boundaries:

total: 39 km

border countries: Italy 39 km

Climate:

Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers

Terrain:

rugged mountains

Land use:

arable land: 16.67%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 83.33% (1998 est.)

Population:

28,119 (July 2003 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Sammarinese (singular and plural)

adjective: Sammarinese

Languages:

Italian