Romania facts and figures




Soviet occupation following World War II led to the formation of a Communist
“peoples republic” in 1947 and the abdication of the king. The
decades-long rule of dictator Nicolae CEAUSESCU, who took power in 1965,
and his Securitate police state became increasingly oppressive and draconian
through the 1980s. CEAUSESCU was overthrown and executed in late 1989. Former
Communists dominated the government until 1996, when they were swept from
power by a fractious coalition of centrist parties. Currently, the Social
Democratic Party forms a nominally minority government, which governs with
the support of the opposition Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania.
Bucharest must address rampant corruption, while invigorating lagging economic
and democratic reforms, before Romania can achieve its hope of joining the
European Union.


Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine


total: 237,500 sq km

land: 230,340 sq km

water: 7,160 sq km

Land boundaries:

total: 2,508 km

border countries: Bulgaria 608 km, Hungary 443 km, Moldova 450 km, Serbia
and Montenegro 476 km, Ukraine (north) 362 km, Ukraine (east) 169 km


temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers
with frequent showers and thunderstorms


central Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Plain of Moldavia on the
east by the Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain
on the south by the Transylvanian Alps

Land use:

arable land: 40.57%

permanent crops: 2.4%

other: 57.03% (1998 est.)


22,271,839 (July 2003 est.)


noun: Romanian(s)

adjective: Romanian


Romanian (official), Hungarian, German