Portugal facts and figures

Portugal

Following its heyday as a world power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence
in 1822 of Brazil as a colony. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.

Location:

Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain

Area:

total: 92,391 sq km

land: 91,951 sq km

note: includes Azores and Madeira Islands

water: 440 sq km

Land boundaries:

total: 1,214 km

border countries: Spain 1,214 km

Climate:

maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south

Terrain:

mountainous north of the Tagus River, rolling plains in south

Land use:

arable land: 20.57%

permanent crops: 7.74%

other: 71.69% (1999 est.)

Population:

10,102,022 (July 2003 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Portuguese (singular and plural)

adjective: Portuguese

Languages:

Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official – but locally used)