Netherlands facts and figures

Netherlands

The Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830 Belgium seceded
and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War
I, but suffered invasion and occupation by Germany in World War II. A modern,
industrialized nation, the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural
products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EC (now the EU),
and participated in the introduction of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU)
in 1999.

Location:

Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany

Area:

total: 41,526 sq km

water: 7,643 sq km

land: 33,883 sq km

Land boundaries:

total: 1,027 km

border countries: Belgium 450 km, Germany 577 km

Climate:

temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters

Terrain:

mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast

Land use:

arable land: 26.53%

other: 72.44% (1998 est.)

permanent crops: 1.03%

Population:

16,150,511 (July 2003 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women)

adjective: Dutch

Languages:

Dutch (official language), Frisian (official language)