Netherlands facts and figures


The Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830 Belgium seceded
and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War
I, but suffered invasion and occupation by Germany in World War II. A modern,
industrialized nation, the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural
products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EC (now the EU),
and participated in the introduction of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU)
in 1999.


Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany


total: 41,526 sq km

water: 7,643 sq km

land: 33,883 sq km

Land boundaries:

total: 1,027 km

border countries: Belgium 450 km, Germany 577 km


temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters


mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast

Land use:

arable land: 26.53%

other: 72.44% (1998 est.)

permanent crops: 1.03%


16,150,511 (July 2003 est.)


noun: Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women)

adjective: Dutch


Dutch (official language), Frisian (official language)