Monaco facts and figures

Monaco

Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad
linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then, the principality’s
mild climate, splendid scenery, and gambling facilities have made Monaco
world famous as a tourist and recreation center.

Location:

Western Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of
France, near the border with Italy

Area:

total: 1.95 sq km

water: 0 sq km

land: 1.95 sq km

Land boundaries:

total: 4.4 km

border countries: France 4.4 km

Climate:

Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers

Terrain:

hilly, rugged, rocky

Land use:

arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (urban area) (1998 est.)

Population:

32,130 (July 2003 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Monegasque(s) or Monacan(s)

adjective: Monegasque or Monacan

Languages:

French (official), English, Italian, Monegasque