Moldova facts and figures

Moldova

Formerly ruled by Romania, Moldova became part of the Soviet Union at the close of World War II. Although independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Dniester River supporting the Slavic majority population, mostly Ukrainians and Russians, who have proclaimed a “Transnistria” republic. One of the poorest nations in Europe, Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a Communist as its president in 2001.

Location:
Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania

Area:

total: 33,843 sq km

water: 472 sq km

land: 33,371 sq km

Land boundaries:

total: 1,389 km

border countries: Romania 450 km, Ukraine 939 km

Climate:

moderate winters, warm summers

Terrain:

rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea

Land use:

arable land: 54.08%

permanent crops: 12.1%

other: 33.82% (1998 est.)

Population:

4,439,502 (July 2003 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Moldovan(s)

adjective: Moldovan

Languages:

Moldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian,
Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)