Macedonia facts and figures

Macedonia

International recognition of The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia’s (F.Y.R.O.M.) independence from Yugoslavia in 1991 was delayed by Greece’s objection to the new state’s use of what it considered a Hellenic name and symbols. Greece finally lifted its trade blockade in 1995, and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, despite continued disagreement over F.Y.R.O.M.’s use of “Macedonia.” F.Y.R.O.M.’s large Albanian minority, an ethnic Albanian armed insurgency in F.Y.R.O.M. in 2001, and the status of neighboring Kosovo continue to be sources of ethnic tension.

Location:

Southeastern Europe, north of Greece

Area:

total: 25,333 sq km

water: 477 sq km

land: 24,856 sq km

Land boundaries:

total: 766 km

border countries: Albania 151 km, Bulgaria 148 km, Greece 246 km, Serbia
and Montenegro 221 km

Climate:

warm, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall

Terrain:

mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys; three large
lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River

Land use:

arable land: 23.59%

permanent crops: 1.85%

other: 74.56% (1998 est.)

Population:

2,063,122

note: a census was taken 1-15 November 2002, but results are not yet available
(July 2003 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Macedonian(s)

adjective: Macedonian

Languages:

Macedonian 70%, Albanian 21%, Turkish 3%, Serbo-Croatian 3%, other 3%