Hungary facts and figures

Hungary

Hungary was part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under Communist rule
following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. Under the leadership of Janos KADAR in 1968, Hungary began liberalizing its economy, introducing so-called “goulash Communism.” Hungary held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market economy. It joined NATO in 1999 and is scheduled to accede to the EU along with nine other states on 1 May 2004. In an April 2003 referendum, 84 percent voted in favor of joining the EU.

Location:

Central Europe, northwest of Romania

Area:

total: 93,030 sq km

water: 690 sq km

land: 92,340 sq km

Land boundaries:

total: 2,171 km

border countries: Austria 366 km, Croatia 329 km, Romania 443 km, Serbia
and Montenegro 151 km, Slovakia 677 km, Slovenia 102 km, Ukraine 103 km

Climate:

temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers

Terrain:

mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian
border

Land use:

arable land: 52.2%

other: 45.34% (1998 est.)

permanent crops: 2.46%

Population:

10,045,407 (July 2003 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Hungarian(s)

adjective: Hungarian

Languages:

Hungarian 98.2%, other 1.8%