Gibraltar facts and figures

Gibraltar

Strategically important, Gibraltar was ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht; the British garrison was formally declared a colony in 1830. In referendums held in 1967 and 2002, Gibraltarians
ignored Spanish pressure and voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency.

Location:

Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar, which links the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southern coast of Spain.

Area:

total: 6.5 sq km

water: 0 sq km

land: 6.5 sq km

Land boundaries:

total: 1.2 km

border countries: Spain 1.2 km

Climate:

Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers

Terrain:

a narrow coastal lowland borders the Rock of Gibraltar

Land use:

arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (1998 est.)

Population:

27,776 (July 2003 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Gibraltarian(s)

adjective: Gibraltar

Languages:

English (used in schools and for official purposes), Spanish, Italian, Portuguese