Falkland Islands facts and figures

Falkland Islands

Although first sighted by an English navigator in 1592,
the first landing (English) did not occur until almost a century later in
1690, and the first settlement (French) was not established until 1764.
The colony was turned over to Spain two years later and the islands have
since been the subject of a territorial dispute, first between Britain and
Spain, then between Britain and Argentina. The UK asserted its claim to
the islands by establishing a naval garrison there in 1833. Argentina invaded
the islands on 2 April 1982. The British responded with an expeditionary
force that landed seven weeks later and after fierce fighting forced Argentine
surrender on 14 June 1982.

Location:

Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of southern
Argentina

Area:

total: 12,173 sq km
note: includes the two main islands of East and West Falkland and about
200 small islands
water: 0 sq km
land: 12,173 sq km

Land boundaries:

0 km

Climate:

cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than
half of days in year; average annual rainfall is 24 inches in Stanley; occasional
snow all year, except in January and February, but does not accumulate

Terrain:

rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains

Land use:

arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (99% permanent pastures, 1% other) (1998 est.)

Population:

2,967 (July 2003 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Falkland Islander(s)
adjective: Falkland Island

Languages:

English