Denmark facts and figures

Denmark

Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north
European power, Denmark has evolved into a modern, prosperous nation that
is participating in the general political and economic integration of Europe.
It joined NATO in 1949 and the EEC (now the EU) in 1973. However, the country
has opted out of certain elements of the European Union’s Maastricht Treaty,
including the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and issues concerning
certain justice and home affairs.

Location:

Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North
Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes two major
islands (Sjaelland and Fyn)

Area:

total: 43,094 sq km

water: 700 sq km

note: includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the rest of
metropolitan Denmark (the Jutland Peninsula, and the major islands of Sjaelland
and Fyn), but excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland

land: 42,394 sq km

Land boundaries:

total: 68 km

border countries: Germany 68 km

Climate:

temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers

Terrain:

low and flat to gently rolling plains

Land use:

arable land: 55.74%

permanent crops: 0.19%

other: 44.07% (1998 est.)

Population:

5,384,384 (July 2003 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Dane(s)

adjective: Danish

Languages:

Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority)

note: English is the predominant second language