Cyprus facts and figures

Cyprus

Independence from the UK was approved in 1960, with constitutional guarantees by the Greek Cypriot majority to the Turkish Cypriot minority. In 1974, a Greek-sponsored attempt to seize the government was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled almost 40% of the island. In 1983, the Turkish-held area declared itself the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus,” but it is recognized only by Turkey. UN-led direct talks between the two sides to reach a comprehensive settlement to the division of the island began in January 2002.

Location:

Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey

Area:

total: 9,250 sq km (of which 3,355 sq km are in the Turkish Cypriot area)

water: 10 sq km

land: 9,240 sq km

Land boundaries:

0 km

Climate:

temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters

Terrain:

central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant
plains along southern coast

Land use:

arable land: 10.61%

permanent crops: 4.65%

other: 84.74% (1998 est.)

Population:

771,657 (July 2003 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Cypriot(s)

adjective: Cypriot

Languages:

Greek, Turkish, English