Despite Russian influence and Soviet occupation, Ukraine has remained faithful to its own traditions. This land bears the mark of ancient mystery and the memory of its people still preserves old customs of remote ages.
Now that it has regained its indepence you can explore the cultural richness of the former breadbasket of the Soviet Union. Ukraine is the most stable and peaceful country among the former republicks of USSR in the Estern Europe.
Take an opportunity to become privy to the ancient history, to feel the pulsing heart of this land under a thin stratum of time. Set foot on the land that still remembers the epoch of the Great Mother Goddess.
The autonomous republic of Crimea is part of the Ukraine, and is within the peninsula from which it gets it’s name. It is washed by the Black Sea on the West, South, and South East, and by The Azov Sea in the North East. In the North, the peninsula connects with the continental Ukraine. The area Of Crimea is 27,000 square Km. The nature of the Crimea is very rich. The is referred to as the “Microcontinent” because there are so many different natures landscapes. The highest point of the Crimea is Roman Kosh at 1545 meters. At the South, The Crimean Mountains form three ridges that reach for 180 km, from Sevastopol to Feodosia. Along The Famous Ridge (theSouth ridge)is situated the narrow (2-3 km) valley which is the South side of Crimea.The Crimea is a wonderful place with a peculiar history, culture,traditions, and a unique landscape. Crimea is one of the largest and most famous health resorts of the former USSR If you visit the Crimea, and explore it’s beauty and rich culture, you will certainly wish to return.
On the headwaters of the Kalmius River, Donetsk is the most important town of the South-East of the Ukraine. Donetsk has always been an industrial city. In 1872 an ironworks was founded there by a Welshman, John Hughes (from whom the town’s pre-Revolutionary name Yuzovka was derived), to produce iron rails for the growing Russian rail network. Later steel rails were made. The plant used coal from the immediate vicinity, and both coal mining and steel making developed rapidly. By 1914 there were 4 metallurgical plants, 10 coalpits, and a population of about 50,000.
After the October Revolution (1917), Yuzovka was renamed Stalino and, in 1961, Donetsk. Heavy destruction in World War II led to postwar modernization and an increase in the scale of industry. Subsequent growth has been rapid and sustained. There are now more than 40 coalpits within the town limits. A major integrated coking, iron-smelting, and steel-making plant makes modern Donetsk one of the largest metallurgical centres of Ukraine.
Donetsk is not a very pretty town. All over town your will find big open spaces. Due to the danger of subsidence caused by mining these were left open. The principal street, from the railway station to the steelworks, is 5.5 miles (9 km) long, with the main shops, hotels, and administrative buildings. There are a university; polytechnic, medical and trade institutes; and more than 30 scientific research establishments, including a branch of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Cultural amenities include several theatres and a philharmonic hall.
Lvov is an old city. It dates back to the thirteenth century. In its past it has been an Austrian city, a Poland one, and later it was part of U.S.S.R. The resultof its turbulent past is found in its unique blend of architecture. Gothic Renaissance, Austrian Baroque and Stalinist ugliness go hand in hand.
Mickiewicz Square is right in the centre of things. It is a beautiful sqaure with many nice buildings. Standing here you can imagine why they call Lviv Paris of the Ukraine. You find the statue of the Polish lyric poet Adam Mickiewicz on the square the 13th-century cathedral is just a few blocks away. Go to Russkaya Street for the orthodox church of the Assumption.
There is also an interesting open air museum, as well a a few good art museums,
Kyiv (aka Kiev) is a very old city. It is the capital of Ukraine. The city is full of churches and monasteries. The main sight is the golden-domed St. Sophia Cathedral. 950 years old this site includes a cathedral, a big tower and the Metropolitan’s residence.
Along the right bank of the Dniepr you find the Pecherskaya Lavra Monastery. Other sights include the Cathedral of St. Volodymyr Vydubich Monastery and St. Andrew’s Church.
Kyiv has a European atmosphere. There are many cultural things to do: good museums, good ballets, music and a lively night scene.
Nearby Babi Yar has a monument to remember the massacred of more than 100 000 Ukrainian Jews during World War II. An impressive sight.
1. Steep mountain peaks serve as a lovely backdrop for Yalta the jewel of the Crimean peninsula and our favorite Ukrainian city. We’re not surprised that the writer Anton Chekhov would choose to live in this seaside resort—it seems to be a combination of Carmel California the French Riviera and Greece. Yalta (pop. 80 000) has exemplary resorts museums and beaches.
Be sure to see Livadia the former Romanov vacation home (palace really) used for the World War II conference of Stalin Churchill and Roosevelt. Chekhov’s former residence has been turned into a museum; inside you’ll find the writer’s medical bag (from his days as a doctor) and the piano Rachmaninov played when he visited. Allow at least two (but preferably three) nights for relaxation. Just outside of Yalta set on a hilltop beside the ocean are the Nikitsky Botanical Gardens which boast 1 600 varieties of roses and a very good restaurant/club. Don’t miss the Swallow’s Nest a fantastical castle perched on the edge of a cliff overlooking the sea (the castle was in fact designed for a German businessman by a U.S. architect).
We enjoy the refreshing ferry or hydrofoil ride between the resort towns along the coast. Alupka from which you can take a cable car to Mt. Ai-Petri for fabulous views and Miskhor with a beautiful beach are our favorite resorts. Special trips can be arranged to Sevastopol and Balaklava important sites in the Crimean War immortalized in the poem “The Charge of the Light Brigade.” Another excursion goes to Bakhchisarai a city of minarets and mosques—it was once the capital of the Crimean Khanate. While there see the magnificent palace of Khan Mengli-Girel and the Fountain of Tears which inspired Pushkin to write the poem The Fountain of Bakhchisarai.
There’s no airport in Yalta; you fly to the regional capital of Simferopol set among beautiful vineyards and orchards then take a car into the city (about an hour’s drive). 210 mi/340 km southeast of Odessa.
The largest seaport on the Black Sea, this third largest city in Ukraine with a population of over 1.5 million was founded in 1794.
An important cultural center, it is filled with architectural landmarks, including the legendary white stone steps leading to the sea, the famous Opera House, Vorontsov Palace from 1820, the former Potocki Palace and Uspensky Sobor with its five great domes. Boasting many schools of higher learning and one of the oldest universities in the former Soviet Union, Odesa is the fifth largest education center in the country. It was always a center for the arts with the Conservatoire and Odesa Art School, the alma mater of great violinists, pianist, singers and painters.
City-health resort Sudak is situated in South-west seaside, in mountian chain Crimea mountian. All of thet favourable influence of climate – he soft, without sharp change. Summer-hot and dry weater. Winter-is not stable fast. Spring-warm and violnet. Healf season -so long(180 days in year). So rich vegetations and animal world surround this beautiful and ancient nook Crimea. Sudak is a center of the viticulture region. Ancient name city Sudak – Sukdeia or Surosh. about his ancient settelment in lll centery our ere. We have arheologic things and documents about settelmant Grees and virantiriv.
Archologis founded the document about stop first people epoch bronze. And founded bones of animals thinkof work stone-centery. Fondation of Sudak and bild hirs fortressin 212 year. Archologis founded cons Vl-V centery our ere of the portraul at the stone grease God. Glory rickes of Sudak spread of all over the world. Klimate at Sudak wide make in medical object. Now bilding new hotel and sanatorium.
Photo by Wikimedia Commons.