About Macedonia

Macedonia is a landlocked country in the heart of the Balkan. It is bordered by Bulgaria , Serbia , Greece and Albania . It is easiest to reach from Greece or Bulgaria.
The capital Skopje was badly damaged by an earthquake in the 1960-ies. What is left of the old town gives you a good impression of what a great city it must have been before that time. Ohrid in the southwest is a major highlight. Located in a very beautiful area, with rugged mountains and pristine lakes, you find a medieval town with one of the best collection of icons.

Skopje
Skopje is the capital and most important city in Macedonia. At first sight it looks like a very modern city. A visit to the parts of Old Skopje that survived the catastrophic 1963 earthquake will show you that it is actually a city with a long and rich past.
Domiated by the Skopje Fortress, rhe Old Town comprises about 1,000 shops, grills, restaurants, and pastry shops ans is the location of the Church of the Holy Saviour with its unique iconostasis executed in masterful woodcarving (18-l9th centuries). The yard of this church houses the sarcophagus with the body of the ideologist of the Macedonian national liberation movement, Goce Delcev (1872-1903). Other sights here include the Kursumli An (l6th century) and the Suli An (l5th century) caravanserais, and the Daut Pasha Baths (l5th century) with its two large and eleven small domes, now housing the Art Gallery. Other buildings which may be found here are the Hjuncar Mosque (l5th century), the Clock Tower (l6th century), the Isak-Bey Mosque (l5th century) and the Mustapha Pasha Mosque (l5th century).

Ohrid
Located on the shores of Lake Ohrid, the town of Ohrid is one of the oldest human settlements in Europe. Built mostly between the 7th and the 19th century, it has the most ancient Slav monastery (St Pantelejmon) and more than 800 icons of Byzantine style, painted between the 11th and the end of the 14th century, which are considered to be, after those of the Tretiakov Gallery in Moscow, the most important collection in the world.
Just south of town is The National Park Galicica. Situated on Mount Galicica, it is a part of the mountain range of Sara-Pind. Due to its exceptional natural beauty and extremely opulent and endemic flora and fauna, in 1958 the Macedonian section of the mountain was proclaimed a National Park.

Bitola
Bitola is Macedonia’s second biggest town after Skopje.It is located in south of Macedonia.It is a typical macedonian town with beautiful places and macedonian architecture.
A very popular turkish reformist lived there:”Kemal Attaturk”
But Bitola is also a touristic town,with a big culture.

Vardar River
The Vardar River passes along North Macedonia,Skopje,South Macedonia and ends in Greece close to Thessalonikki,in the Aegean sea.
The Vardar River starts at two places , their intersection is close to Skopje.

Plackovica
Plackovica is a mountain in South-East of macedonia.

Veles

The PUB – Veles is a charming amalgamation of old style decor and attitude mixed with a modern outlook and approach. Though the day relax in the calming atmosphere and enjoy a coffee while listening to Jazz, Blues or whatever is the fancy of the day. By Night the PUB becomes, though natural process, the centre of the towns social night life. The tempo rises of spirits are lifted. A party where everyone is your friend.

Strumica
The city of Strumica is situated in the Strumica Valley in southeastern Macedonia. The Strumcia valley stretches over an area of 259 square meters and lies at 239 meters above the sea level. Strumica is the biggest settlement in the valley, which is also the home of 72 villages. According to the census of 1991, the population of Strumcia is 34,424, while the population of the whole community of Strumica and the 72 villages amounts to 94,520 inhabitants.
Strumica and the Strumica Valley enjoy a temperate Mediteranean climate, especially along the Strumica River valley. The characteristic warm and dry summers and cold and wet winters result in temperatures that can reach up to and over 40 degrees Celsius in the summer and drop as low as -20 degrees Celsius in the winter. The average annual temperature is about 10 degrees Celsius.
Due to its unique Mediteranean climate, the Strumica Valley is the largest producer of early market garden produce in Macedonia. Other agricultural products include poppy, cotton, tobacco, sesame, peanuts, and anasaon, a rare culture used to produce the famous Macedonian Mastika, which is also made in Strumica. Apart from agriculture, Strumica is also known for its textile and the non-metals and ceramics industries.
For more information, visit www.strumicaonline.com

Tetova
Tetovo is located at the foothills of the Shar Mountain in north-western Macedonia, 468 m above the sea level, on the edge of the Polog Valley. The city is separated by the river Pena, which flows from the Shar mountain.
Although there is evidence of settlements in the area as early as the bronze age, the town is first mentioned under a name resembling its modern name in the 17th century under the toponym Htetovo. The legend is that Tetovo got its name after the legendary hero Teto, who cleared the town from snakes; not surprisingly, Tetovo means Teto’s place.
In the middle ages Tetovo was an important trade center for the local farmers and craftsmen, as well as an important military fortification for the Ottomans. In the 19th century, the Russian Consul I. Yastrebov spoke highly of Tetovo’s climate – mild snowy winters, sunny and comfortably warm summers. The traveler Ami Bue described Tetovo as a very clean city. Today, Tetovo has a well-developed textile and clothing industry.

The great plant growth conditions of the Polog valley have been well used for the development of agriculture. The well-known ski resort Popova Sapka lies above Tetovo in the Shar Mountain. An 18 km long asphalt road is leading you from Tetovo to Popova Sapka skiing center. While in winter tetovo is a popular destination for the skiing fanatics, in the summer tetovo is the beloved resort for paragliders.

Some of the mosques in the town are date back to the 15th century. The best known among them is the Painted (Aladzha) Mosque on the right bank of the river Pena, known among the locals as Pasha Mosque. In the yard of the mosque there is an octagon-shaped “turbe” (grave) of Hurshida and Mensure, the two women that provided the money for the construction of the mosque in 1459.
In the vicinity of the town is the Arabati Baba Teke, which used to be a sort of Dervish monastery/convent of the Bekteshi Order. The Teke was abandoned in 1945 and today it houses the Museum of Tetovo.
The Monastery of Leshok with the churches of St. Athanasius and of the Holy Virgin, are situated 8 km near Tetovo, close to the road leading to the village of Brezno. The church of the Holy Virgin, an excellent example of the byzantine construction tradition, is believed to have been constructed 1326. The church has three layers of frescoes: the bottom layer is from the time of construction, the middle one is from the 17th century, and the top one is from 1879. Several marble columns from the origina church are kept today in the Tetovo museum. The church of St. Athanasius was built in 1924 next to the church of the Holy Mother of God. In the yard of the Monastery of Leshok is the tomb of the Macedonian educator Kiril Pejchinovik, who was born in 1770. In his honor, this monastery hosts an International Meeting of Literary Translators. Tetovo is also a host to the Festival of Macedonian Choirs.
Tetovo and with its surroundings has a population of 180,654 (1991) and it covers 1 080 km2.

Velestovo
The village of Velestovo,located on the Galicica mountain (close Ohrid) is a closely perfect place for vacations. It has a panoramic view on Ohrid,Ohrid Lake,Albania and on the Samojeva Tvrdjava (Samojev Fort, that dates from the Bysantine time.)

Photo by Wikimedia Commons.