Located in northern Europe, Denmark is bordered by the North Sea, the Baltic Sea, and Germany, which is its only connection to the European mainland. Most of its landmass is occupied by the Jutland peninsula while the remaining 500 islands, of which only a hundred are occupied, comprise the rest of the country. The Skagerrak and Kattegat straits separate it from Norway and Sweden.
The present-day Denmark owes its cultural and linguist origins to the Danes who migrated here from Sweden in around AD 500. Denmark’s history, till the medieval period, is marked by much carnage and bloodshed. The Thirty Years War with Sweden followed by the Napoleonic Wars inflicted damages on the economy of the country. Although Denmark remained neutral in both the World Wars, it surrendered to Germany in 1940 following the large build-up of German forces along its borders.
Denmark’s prime attraction is its capital Copenhagen, one of the liveliest cities Europe, which also has an active nightlife. Most of the city’s attractions are concentrated in a small area, while the parks, gardens, squares, and fountains are interspersed all over.
If you happen to be a lover of music, the city of Aarhus offers you everything from symphony performances to theatres, apart from the Den Gamle By (The Old Town), which is an open-air theatre and the city’s piece de resistance.
The historical town of Roskilde is worth a visit because of the recent explorations that have unearthed a wealth of details about its rich past. Odense on the island of Funen is the capital of Fairytails. In this charming city you find the house of Hans Christian Andersen. Walking the streets of the historic center you will see where he got his inspiration from.
Then there are the spectacular white chalk cliffs of Mon’s Klint, on the island of Lolland ; the 17th-century Egeskov Castle; and the picturesque theme park called Legoland in central Jylland that are worth visiting.
Cycling is an activity that tourists often indulge in Denmark along with swimming and surfing. Although you can visit Denmark throughout the year because of its mild climate, May and June see the country at its best.
In 1167 Copenhagen was a tiny village called “Havn”, king Valdemar I gave to his trustee, the bishop of Absalon of Roskilde. Since then it gradually grew to be the first city of Denmark, also because the harbour of Roskilde became inaccessible to the larger trading ships. In 1417 Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark. It’s now by far the largest and most important town in Denmark, with numerous Museums and the hippest Nightlife in the country.
It has an old center and some interesting town development schemes of the 18th, 19th and 20th century. Not just the royal palaces are a sight to see; just as remarkable is the squatters quarter Christiania. Of course one should visit Copenhagens idol, the little mermaid statue near the Churchillpark. As most objects you already know from countless pictures it’s rather disappointing and not nearly as impressive as the Gefion fountain. But these are things one should experience oneself.
Alexander Newskij Kirke
A remarkable russian-orthodox church.
The Amalienborg palace is the home of the royal family. The palace is splitted in four identical palais. The palais was built in 1750. Since 1794 the royal family lives in the palais. The statue in the middle of the palace represents Frederik V.
Børsen (Stock Exchange)
This very old building was built by Christian IV between 1619 and 1620. The building is no longer used as a stock exchange.
The Carlsberg building, home of the famous Danish brewery. The building was constructed in 1847.
Rådhus (City Hall)
The city hall was buildt in 1905.
This church was built in 1656. Under the roof of the church is the old university library. After a fire in the year 1728, the building was reconstructed.
Nyhavn (New harbour)
The New Harbour is nearly the oldest part of the harbour. In former times the district was full of crime and prostitutes, in the presence Nyhavn is an amusement district with many coffeeshops. All harbour tours start from here. The house number 20 is the birthplace of Hans Christan Andersen.
The Black Diamond
The Black Diamond, or Den sorte diamant, is a 1996 addition to the Royal Library in Copenhagen. A spectacular structure on the waterfront, with views over to Christianshavn, a restaurant, frequent cultural events and state of the art interior design.
Aarhus is the second largest city of Denmark and the capital of Jutland, the mainland. It has a well-preserved historic centre, a few good museums and nice old churches. Close to the city are some good beaches, as well as opportunities for hiking and biking.
The main attraction is Den Gamle By (The Old Town). This fascinating open-air museum features 75 restored buildings from all around Denmark dating from the 17th- and 18th centuries. Full of things to see and do, it really is a must for any visitor.
Other things to do include the AROS Kunstmuseum, which presents a wide-ranging collection of Danish art from the 19th and 20th centuries, and a visit to the modern Town Hall, which is a good example of Modern Danish archtiecture. It was completed in 1942 and designed by Arne Jacobsen, the pioneer of Danish design.
Take a trip to the Tivoli Friheden, a fun-packed amusement park located just outside the city centre offering rides, clown shows, spectacular flower gardens and many cafés in which to sit and watch the crowds go by. Spend an engrossing hour or two at the Forhistorisk Museum Moesgard, a museum presenting amazing prehistoric artefacts, including the 2,000-year-old Grauballe Man, found preserved in a nearby bog in 1952.
Aarhus is also a very lively city. There are many good restaurants, many places to have a drink and wide range of clubs. Vadestedet, the newly opened meeting place by the river Arhus offers international and local cuisine at the many and varied restaurants and eateries you will find here. Various cafés or clubs tucked away in intimate sidestreets can be visited at night.
With about 175,000 inhabitants, Odense is the regional capital of Funen and the third-biggest city in Denmark. The city is more than a thousand years old and various museums tell about the history of Odense and of Denmark. Odense lies within a short distance of beaches and many leisure activities are offered.
The city centre has many pedestrian streets, wonderful shops, small cafés and restaurants, where you can enjoy life with the locals – or visit the large shopping centres, with all the heart can desire under one roof. Main sights include the Hans Christian Andersen, the Odense City Museum and the St. Knuds Cathedral.
Billund is the site of Legoland. All children who play with lego dream of visiting this park with an area of 100,000 m2. The park attracks around 1.4 million visitors every year. Around half of all visitors come from abroad and, after Denmark, the countries providing the largest numbers of visitors are Germany, Sweden and Norway. Since it was opened, more than 30 million people have visited the park. Every other year, the readers of Denmark’s largest newspaper, “Jyllands-Posten”, are invited to vote on which is the most popular family attraction in the country. In 1996 and again in 1998 they awarded the No. 1 position to the LEGOLAND.
LEGOLAND is split into themed areas which appeal to children in various age groups. The aim of LEGOLAND is to give children aged 2-13 and their parents an intense, hands-on experience of the LEGO Group’s core values – creativity, play and development. In the park, the focus is on children. They can play and learn in unique surroundings. On average, families stay in the park for 6 hours. Creative play in safe surroundings.